Quick Reference Guide

FORMS

Instructions for Verbal Transmission of ARRL Radiogram:

“Please copy my number: 1, Routine, HX Golf, (your call sign), (Check number does not include your signature or callsign), (your location), (time if applicable), (Date). Going to (your addressee) and (amateur call sign if any), figures (address), phone figures (phone number), break for text.”
*Now wait for the receiving station to say “go with text”, plus this allows them any fills they might need of the preamble information or any needed fills of information of the addressee.
When they say, “go with text,” read your message word for word at writing speed, any tough words use phonetics. The number of words should match the (check) in the preamble. ARL Message codes are always phonetically spelled out. One number character per box. Ex. ARL Fifty Six would be 3 words. When done delivering your text to receiving station say, “Break for Signature”.
*Wait for receiving station to ask for fills, or say, “go with signature”.
Give signature of message sender, amateur call sign if applicable and say “end message number one, how copy”.
The receiving station will acknowledge your message number one and say “thanks for the traffic” ending with their call sign. You can reply by saying “thank you for taking it” and end with your call sign so net control knows the message has been passed and you both are finished.

Word list adopted by the International Telecommunication Union
A–Alpha
B–Bravo
C–Charlie
D–Delta
E–Echo
F–Foxtrot
G–Golf
H–Hotel
I–India
J–Juliett
K–Kilo
L–Lima
M–Mike
N–November
O–Oscar
P–Papa
Q–Quebec
R–Romeo
S–Sierra
T–Tango
U–Uniform
V–Victor
W–Whiskey
X–X-ray
Y–Yankee
Z–Zulu

The RST system

Readability

1–Unreadable
2–Barely readable, occasional words distinguishable.
3–Readable with considerable difficulty.
4–Readable with practically no difficulty.
5–Perfectly readable.

Signal Strength

1–Faint signals, barely perceptible.
2–Very weak signals.
3–Weak signals.
4–Fair signals.
5–Fairly good signals.
6–Good signals.
7–Moderately strong signals.
8–Strong signals.
9–Extremely strong signals.

Tone

1–Sixty cycle a.c or less, very rough and broad.
2–Very rough a.c., very harsh and broad.
3–Rough a.c. tone, rectified but not filtered.
4–Rough note, some trace of filtering.
5–Filtered rectified a.c. but strongly Ripple-modulated.
6–Filtered tone, definite trace of ripple modulation.
7–Near pure tone, trace of ripple modulation.
8–Near perfect tone, slight trace of modulation.
9–Perfect tone, no trace of ripple or modulation of any kind.
If the signal has the characteristic steadiness of crystal control, add the letter X to the RST report. If there is a chirp, the letter C may be added to so indicate. Similarly for a click, add K. The above reporting system is used on both cw and voice, leaving out the “tone” report on voice. Turn card over for examples.

RESOURCES

ARRL Quickstart for Ham Radio Operators

ARES Field Resource Manual